This wiki is designed to help you understand the recording functionality and versatility of the SONY PMW-F3.
The Technical Overview: the Sony F3 camera has a superior quality image sensor (Exmor Super 35mm equivalent CMOS) and is designed to record this image to internal SxS cards (2 card slots) with a frame raster of up to 1920x1080 with the following supported frame rates: 59.94i(29.97i), 50i, 29.97P(30p), 25P, & 23.98P(23.976.) When recording to the SxS card the video data is compressed using a high-end MPEG-2 HD (Long GOP, variable bit rate) encoder referred to as XDCAM EX (with an overall data rate of 35Mbps) codec. The chroma subsampling ratio of the XDCAM EX codec is 8-Bit, YUV 4:2:0.
The Problem: for general shooting purposes all of the above details are fine...a great image with robust colors and solid playback is achieved. However, for more complicated productions that include fast-moving shots or heavy visual effects postwork (like greenscreen chromakeying or intensive motion tracking) you may desire a less compressed video stream to prevent data loss or artifacting in your video.
The Solution: the F3 has Dual-Link HD-SDI (Serial Digital Interface) BNC outputs to allow for the video stream to be captured as uncompressed (directly from the image sensor rather than compressed to the SxS cards) video. Furthermore, there is also a functionality where the camera can utilize a powerful S-Logarithmic Gamma Curve, allowing the most amount of light and luminance information to be preserved during recording via the HD-SDI outputs. This is often referred to as shooting it "flat."
To setup the HD-SDI Output Signal review the following steps:
1. Access the VIDEO SET Icon from the Camera Menu. VIDEO SET options should now be listed on the LCD menu screen
2. Scroll to the option SDI/HDMI/iLink I/O Select. Select this option and from the secondary menu select HD-SDI.
3. Scroll down further in the VIDEO SET options and select the Dual-Link & Gamma Select option
4. From the secondary menu select 1.5G YPbPr422 & S-Log option. This will make the "A" HD-SDI outputs on the camera active as Single-Link HD-SDI and will allow any 10-Bit HD-SDI external recorder to capture the best possible uncompressed video image at a full HD raster (1920x1080) with superior chroma subsampling (at YUV422.) Connection can be established via a BNC cable to the SDI input of your external recording device.
5. For educational purposes, instructors may want to send the SDI signal out to a classroom projector. The instructors often desire the menus they interact with in the view finder to be displayed out of the SDI signal as well. This helps demonstrate the menus, displays, and overall camera functionality. To enable this function, scroll down further in the VIDEO SET options and select the YPbPr/SDI Out Display Select option.
6. From the secondary menu select the ON option. This will make the menu display (as seen in the view finder) also visible through the SDI connection
NOTE: The display of the settings is only available out of the SDI output on the Sony F3. The HD-SDI A/B outputs will not send out display data. Please connect your BNC cable to the SDI Out of the Sony F3.
For more information on types of transportation for uncompressed video streams visit AJA HD-SDI Overview