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SRA Toolkit Exercises

SRA Exercise 1

Find and download RNAseq data from run SRR390925, of experiment SRX112044, publication SRP009873. Copy the file to your home directory on Lonestar at TACC then extract the data in fastq format.

A solution

  • SRA search page http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sra.
  • Type in SRX112044 ? Search
  • On experiment summary page click SRR390925
    • takes you to the Run browser where you can see example reads
  • Under "Download", "Run" click "ftp" under .sra
    • save the file locally
  • Open a Terminal window, change into the directory where the file was stored
  • Copy from local machine to TACC
    scp SRR390925.sra username@lonestar.tacc.utexas.edu:~/
    
    • the colon ( : ) after the hostname indicates this is a remote destination
    • the ~/ indicates your home directory
  • Login to Lonestar:
    ssh username@lonestar.tacc.utexas.edu:~/
    
    • check that the file is in your home directory
      login2$ ls
      SRR390925.sra
      
  • Find the SRA toolkit module
    login2$ module spider sratoolkit
    
      ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
      sratoolkit: sratoolkit/2.1.9
      ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
        Description:
          The SRA Toolkit and SDK from NCBI is a collection of tools and
          libraries for using data in the INSDC Sequence Read Archives.
    
        This module can be loaded directly: module load sratoolkit/2.1.9
    
        Help:
          The sratoolkit module file defines the following environment variables:
          TACC_SRATOOLKIT_DIR for the location of the sratoolkit distribution.
    
          Version 2.1.9
    
  • Load the module
    login2$ module load sratoolkit
    
  • Invoke fastq-dump with no arguments to get basic usage
    login2$ fastq-dump
    
    Usage:
      /opt/apps/sratoolkit/2.1.9//fastq-dump [options] [ -A ] <accession>
      /opt/apps/sratoolkit/2.1.9//fastq-dump [options] <path [path...]>
    
    Use option --help for more information
    
    /opt/apps/sratoolkit/2.1.9//fastq-dump : 2.1.9
    
  • Extract to fastq
    login2$ $TACC_SRATOOLKIT_DIR/fastq-dump SRR390925.sra
    Written 1981132 spots for SRR390925.sra
    Written 1981132 spots total
    
  • Look at some data
    login2$ ls
    SRR390925.fastq  SRR390925.sra
    login2$ head SRR390925.fastq
    @SRR390925.1 ROCKFORD:1:1:0:1260 length=36
    NCAACAAGTTTCTTTGGTTATTAACTACGACTTACC
    \+SRR390925.1 ROCKFORD:1:1:0:1260 length=36
    \#CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC
    @SRR390925.2 ROCKFORD:1:1:0:293 length=36
    NAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
    \+SRR390925.2 ROCKFORD:1:1:0:293 length=36
    \####################################
    @SRR390925.3 ROCKFORD:1:1:0:330 length=36
    NAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAATAAAAAAAAAA
    
  • Count lines and number of reads (fastq has 4 lines/read)
    login2$ wc -l SRR390925.fastq
    7924528 SRR390925.fastq
    login2$ echo $((7924528 / 4))
    1981132
    

UCSC Genome Browser Exercises

UCSC Exercise 1

Using the UCSC Genome Browser, determine whether Craig Venter or James Watson has a higher risk of Alzheimer's disease.

A Solution

Craig Venter has at least one SNP associated with Alzheimer's disease.

  • http://genome.ucsc.edu/ ? Genome Browser ? submit
  • type APOE in gene box ? jump
  • under "Phenotype and Disease Association" change "GWAS Catalog" from "hide" to "squish" ? refresh
  • under "Variation & Repeats" click on "Genome Variants" to see subtrack information
    • note both Venter and Watson have published their genotypes here
    • deselect "1000 Genomes Pilot" tracks (click '-')
    • change "Maximum display mode"  from "hide" to "pack" ? Submit
  • zoom in on rs429358. click on rs429358 under "NGRI Catalog... tracks".
    • note association w/Alzheimer's disease
  • back in display window, note that Venter has a variant for this SNP while Watson does not

UCSC Exercise 2

Using the UCSC Genome Browser, find and download a list of high-sequencing-depth regions in BED format.

A Solution
  • http://genome.ucsc.edu/cgi-bin/hgTable
  • clade: Mammal, genome: Human, assembly: hg19
  • group: Mapping and Sequencing tracdks, track: Hi Seq Depth
  • output format: BED - browser extensible data
  • filename: hi_seq_depth.bed
  • ? get output
  • ? get BED, save to local directory
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